How to Make Hand Sanitizer at Home the Easy Way

How to Make Hand Sanitizer at Home the Easy Way

March 26, 2020

What do you do when stores are out of hand sanitizer?

Make your own at home! 

It's a lot easier than you think.

Benefits Of Making Your Own Hand Sanitizer At Home 


We’ve all heard it:


Proper hand hygiene is absolutely essential in preventing infectious germs. 


In a perfect scenario, hand hygiene is best achieved using water and soap while following the 10 “handwashing steps” as highlighted by WHO.


But what happens where there is no water or soap? 


Many leading health organizations recommend alcohol-based hand sanitizer with more than 60% alcohol as an ideal substitute.


However, sanitizers don’t work well for visibly dirty hands. You may have to clean your hands first before applying your sanitizer - which defeats the purpose.


Another downside is that sanitizers aren’t readily available right now because the production rate isn’t meeting the demand.


The good news, however, is that you can make your hand sanitizer at home using basic everyday ingredients. 


Let’s look at a few different options.


Glycerin and Aloe Are Good Choices


Glycerin and aloe are both effective ingredients for making hand sanitizers. 


A potent sanitizer should remain on your hands for at least 20 seconds before it evaporates away. 


Normally, alcohol is the most abundant ingredient in sanitizer. The problem with that is that alcohol has a low boiling point at just 78 degrees Celsius. 


So when you apply free pure alcohol to your hands for sanitizing, it evaporates rapidly - sometimes even before that 20-second duration that’s considered necessary for effectiveness. 


Glycerin and aloe solve this problem. 


When alcohol is combined with glycerin or aloe, it slows the evaporation of the mixture, making it stay on your hands longer, improving its efficacy.


However, sometimes alcohol just isn’t readily available - like now for instance. 


So let’s look at how you can make an alcohol-free hand sanitizer easy. 


DIY Hand Sanitizer Without Alcohol 


If you’re against using alcohol (maybe for how drying it is) or there just isn’t any, here’s a good recipe:


Ingredients


  • ¼ cup of aloe gel
  • Antimicrobial essential oil of choice – 20 drops

Directions


  • Add all the ingredients into a small bottle.
  • Shake well to mix.
  • Store in a reusable container such as a silicone tube.
  • Use as needed to get rid of germs from your hands.

Without alcohol, your hand sanitizer won’t be as strong as what is recommended, but it’ll still work to reduce germ count, and it’s better than using nothing at all. 


Homemade Hand Sanitizer With Alcohol Recipe


Adding alcohol to your DIY homemade hand sanitizer improves its strength. So if it’s available, you should take advantage of it.  


Ingredients


  • ¼ cup of aloe gel
  • ½ tsp of glycerin
  • 20 drops of antimicrobial essential oil
  • 1 TBSP of rubbing alcohol 
  • 1 TBSP distilled water
  • Small bowl
  • Other essential oils

 

Directions 


  • Take the aloe gel, the glycerin, and the rubbing alcohol and mix them in a bowl.
  • Add a little essential oil to improve its scent (cinnamon or tea tree oil is nice. Other possible alternatives are lavender, peppermint, orange, or lemongrass).
  • Mix well.
  • Add distilled water until thinned to your desired consistency.
  • Store in a spray bottle or a silicone tube and use as necessary.

It works similar to any other type of hand sanitizer.


Important Notes to Ensure Hand Sanitizer’s Effectiveness


You can increase the amount of your sanitizer by using more of the ingredients. Just be sure to maintain the same proportions to avoid overdiluting.


According to the CDC, at least 60% alcohol is ideal for high potency hand sanitizers. The recipe with alcohol above meets that threshold.


The additional aloe gel plus essential oils with antimicrobial properties add to its overall microbicidal effect, improving its role in killing a wide range of viruses and bacteria.


Balancing the quantity of alcohol and aloe gel


There are three strengths of alcohol that can be used to make hand sanitizers. 


Each strength requires specific amounts of aloe gel to be effective. If you are using the 99% rubbing alcohol, you’ll need roughly 1-part aloe for every 2 parts alcohol. 


So if you have 1/3 cup of aloe gel, you’ll need 2/3 cups of 99% rubbing alcohol.


With 91% rubbing alcohol, you will have to add 3 parts alcohol to 4 parts aloe gel. Simply put, ¾ cup of alcohol is best mixed with ¼ cup of aloe gel when using 91% rubbing alcohol. 


In like manner, 9 parts of alcohol are needed for 1-part aloe gel when using 70%  alcohol. 


And so forth. 


Other Herbs and Oils You Can Use in Homemade Hand Sanitizers


Essential oils are popular ingredients in hand sanitizers. They can be used singly or in combination with other ingredients such as aloe gel, alcohol, and/or glycerin like we did above. 


Some of the best essential oils to use include:


  1. Tea tree


Tea tree is an effective antimicrobial agent that also adds a nice scent. 


However, tea tree oil should be used carefully by diluting it with a carrier oil such as coconut oil or olive oil. It is irritating to the skin when applied directly. 


At least 12 drops of carrier oil are needed to reduce the irritative potential of 1 drop of tea tree oil. 


If you use tea tree, be sure to avoid contact with the eyes.


  1. Lemon oil


There are organically certified lemon-based hand sanitizers that can kill close to 99.9%  of known germs. These hand sanitizers typically don’t have alcohol or any chemicals that dry your skin out. 


Still, many people prefer to use lemon oil in combination with other ingredients as opposed to using it on its own. 


Lemon is rich in antioxidants and other antimicrobial properties, which is why it’s popular in hand sanitizers.


Conclusion 


When you’re able, you should always wash your hands with soap and water instead of using sanitizer. 


But of course that’s not always possible. 


In such cases, hand sanitizers are an effective alternative. And when stores are short on stock, it’s time to DIY. 


We hope showing you how to make hand sanitizer at home the easy way will ensure you always have some on hand when you need it most!